Ansible-service模块

 4个月前     33  

文章目录

一、service模块

service模块:用于控制服务的启动,关闭,开机自启动等。

https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/latest/modules/service_module.html#service-module

参数 说明
姓名 服务名称
状态重新加载、重新启动、启动、停止 服务管理
启用是|否 开启是否启动

启动vsftpd服务,并设为开机自动启动

[root@manage01 ~]# ansible -m service 192.168.98.202 -a "name=vsftpd state=started enabled=on"
192.168.98.202 | CHANGED => {
    "ansible_facts": {
        "discovered_interpreter_python": "/usr/libexec/platform-python"
    },
    "changed": true,
    "enabled": true,
    "name": "vsftpd",
    "state": "started",
    "status": {
        "ActiveEnterTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "ActiveExitTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "ActiveState": "inactive",
        "After": "network.target systemd-journald.socket system.slice basic.target sysinit.target",
        "AllowIsolate": "no",
        "AmbientCapabilities": "",
        "AssertResult": "no",
        "AssertTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "Before": "shutdown.target",
        "BlockIOAccounting": "no",
        "BlockIOWeight": "[not set]",
        "CPUAccounting": "no",
        "CPUQuotaPerSecUSec": "infinity",
        "CPUSchedulingPolicy": "0",
        "CPUSchedulingPriority": "0",
        "CPUSchedulingResetOnFork": "no",
        "CPUShares": "[not set]",
        "CPUUsageNSec": "[not set]",
        "CPUWeight": "[not set]",
        "CacheDirectoryMode": "0755",
        "CanIsolate": "no",
        "CanReload": "no",
        "CanStart": "yes",
        "CanStop": "yes",
        "CapabilityBoundingSet": "cap_chown cap_dac_override cap_dac_read_search cap_fowner cap_fsetid cap_kill cap_setgid cap_setuid cap_setpcap cap_linux_immutable cap_net_bind_service cap_net_broadcast cap_net_admin cap_net_raw cap_ipc_lock cap_ipc_owner cap_sys_module cap_sys_rawio cap_sys_chroot cap_sys_ptrace cap_sys_pacct cap_sys_admin cap_sys_boot cap_sys_nice cap_sys_resource cap_sys_time cap_sys_tty_config cap_mknod cap_lease cap_audit_write cap_audit_control cap_setfcap cap_mac_override cap_mac_admin cap_syslog cap_wake_alarm cap_block_suspend",
        "CollectMode": "inactive",
        "ConditionResult": "no",
        "ConditionTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "ConfigurationDirectoryMode": "0755",
        "Conflicts": "shutdown.target",
        "ControlPID": "0",
        "DefaultDependencies": "yes",
        "Delegate": "no",
        "Description": "Vsftpd ftp daemon",
        "DevicePolicy": "auto",
        "DynamicUser": "no",
        "ExecMainCode": "0",
        "ExecMainExitTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "ExecMainPID": "0",
        "ExecMainStartTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "ExecMainStatus": "0",
        "ExecStart": "{ path=/usr/sbin/vsftpd ; argv[]=/usr/sbin/vsftpd /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf ; ignore_errors=no ; start_time=[n/a] ; stop_time=[n/a] ; pid=0 ; code=(null) ; status=0/0 }",
        "FailureAction": "none",
        "FileDescriptorStoreMax": "0",
        "FragmentPath": "/usr/lib/systemd/system/vsftpd.service",
        "GID": "[not set]",
        "GuessMainPID": "yes",
        "IOAccounting": "no",
        "IOSchedulingClass": "0",
        "IOSchedulingPriority": "0",
        "IOWeight": "[not set]",
        "IPAccounting": "no",
        "IPEgressBytes": "18446744073709551615",
        "IPEgressPackets": "18446744073709551615",
        "IPIngressBytes": "18446744073709551615",
        "IPIngressPackets": "18446744073709551615",
        "Id": "vsftpd.service",
        "IgnoreOnIsolate": "no",
        "IgnoreSIGPIPE": "yes",
        "InactiveEnterTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "InactiveExitTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "JobRunningTimeoutUSec": "infinity",
        "JobTimeoutAction": "none",
        "JobTimeoutUSec": "infinity",
        "KeyringMode": "private",
        "KillMode": "control-group",
        "KillSignal": "15",
        "LimitAS": "infinity",
        "LimitASSoft": "infinity",
        "LimitCORE": "infinity",
        "LimitCORESoft": "infinity",
        "LimitCPU": "infinity",
        "LimitCPUSoft": "infinity",
        "LimitDATA": "infinity",
        "LimitDATASoft": "infinity",
        "LimitFSIZE": "infinity",
        "LimitFSIZESoft": "infinity",
        "LimitLOCKS": "infinity",
        "LimitLOCKSSoft": "infinity",
        "LimitMEMLOCK": "16777216",
        "LimitMEMLOCKSoft": "16777216",
        "LimitMSGQUEUE": "819200",
        "LimitMSGQUEUESoft": "819200",
        "LimitNICE": "0",
        "LimitNICESoft": "0",
        "LimitNOFILE": "4096",
        "LimitNOFILESoft": "1024",
        "LimitNPROC": "7741",
        "LimitNPROCSoft": "7741",
        "LimitRSS": "infinity",
        "LimitRSSSoft": "infinity",
        "LimitRTPRIO": "0",
        "LimitRTPRIOSoft": "0",
        "LimitRTTIME": "infinity",
        "LimitRTTIMESoft": "infinity",
        "LimitSIGPENDING": "7741",
        "LimitSIGPENDINGSoft": "7741",
        "LimitSTACK": "infinity",
        "LimitSTACKSoft": "8388608",
        "LoadState": "loaded",
        "LockPersonality": "no",
        "LogLevelMax": "-1",
        "LogsDirectoryMode": "0755",
        "MainPID": "0",
        "MemoryAccounting": "yes",
        "MemoryCurrent": "[not set]",
        "MemoryDenyWriteExecute": "no",
        "MemoryHigh": "infinity",
        "MemoryLimit": "infinity",
        "MemoryLow": "0",
        "MemoryMax": "infinity",
        "MemorySwapMax": "infinity",
        "MountAPIVFS": "no",
        "MountFlags": "",
        "NFileDescriptorStore": "0",
        "NRestarts": "0",
        "Names": "vsftpd.service",
        "NeedDaemonReload": "no",
        "Nice": "0",
        "NoNewPrivileges": "no",
        "NonBlocking": "no",
        "NotifyAccess": "none",
        "OOMScoreAdjust": "0",
        "OnFailureJobMode": "replace",
        "PermissionsStartOnly": "no",
        "Perpetual": "no",
        "PrivateDevices": "no",
        "PrivateMounts": "no",
        "PrivateNetwork": "no",
        "PrivateTmp": "no",
        "PrivateUsers": "no",
        "ProtectControlGroups": "no",
        "ProtectHome": "no",
        "ProtectKernelModules": "no",
        "ProtectKernelTunables": "no",
        "ProtectSystem": "no",
        "RefuseManualStart": "no",
        "RefuseManualStop": "no",
        "RemainAfterExit": "no",
        "RemoveIPC": "no",
        "Requires": "sysinit.target system.slice",
        "Restart": "no",
        "RestartUSec": "100ms",
        "RestrictNamespaces": "no",
        "RestrictRealtime": "no",
        "Result": "success",
        "RootDirectoryStartOnly": "no",
        "RuntimeDirectoryMode": "0755",
        "RuntimeDirectoryPreserve": "no",
        "RuntimeMaxUSec": "infinity",
        "SameProcessGroup": "no",
        "SecureBits": "0",
        "SendSIGHUP": "no",
        "SendSIGKILL": "yes",
        "Slice": "system.slice",
        "StandardError": "inherit",
        "StandardInput": "null",
        "StandardInputData": "",
        "StandardOutput": "journal",
        "StartLimitAction": "none",
        "StartLimitBurst": "5",
        "StartLimitIntervalUSec": "10s",
        "StartupBlockIOWeight": "[not set]",
        "StartupCPUShares": "[not set]",
        "StartupCPUWeight": "[not set]",
        "StartupIOWeight": "[not set]",
        "StateChangeTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "StateDirectoryMode": "0755",
        "StatusErrno": "0",
        "StopWhenUnneeded": "no",
        "SubState": "dead",
        "SuccessAction": "none",
        "SyslogFacility": "3",
        "SyslogLevel": "6",
        "SyslogLevelPrefix": "yes",
        "SyslogPriority": "30",
        "SystemCallErrorNumber": "0",
        "TTYReset": "no",
        "TTYVHangup": "no",
        "TTYVTDisallocate": "no",
        "TasksAccounting": "yes",
        "TasksCurrent": "[not set]",
        "TasksMax": "12386",
        "TimeoutStartUSec": "1min 30s",
        "TimeoutStopUSec": "1min 30s",
        "TimerSlackNSec": "50000",
        "Transient": "no",
        "Type": "forking",
        "UID": "[not set]",
        "UMask": "0022",
        "UnitFilePreset": "disabled",
        "UnitFileState": "disabled",
        "UtmpMode": "init",
        "WatchdogTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "WatchdogUSec": "0"
    }
}

关闭vsftpd服务,并设为开机不自动启动

[root@manage01 ~]# ansible -m service 192.168.98.202 -a "name=vsftpd state=stopped enabled=false"
192.168.98.202 | CHANGED => {
    "ansible_facts": {
        "discovered_interpreter_python": "/usr/libexec/platform-python"
    },
    "changed": true,
    "enabled": false,
    "name": "vsftpd",
    "state": "stopped",
    "status": {
        "ActiveEnterTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT",
        "ActiveEnterTimestampMonotonic": "89286681247",
        "ActiveExitTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "ActiveState": "active",
        "After": "systemd-journald.socket sysinit.target basic.target system.slice network.target",
        "AllowIsolate": "no",
        "AmbientCapabilities": "",
        "AssertResult": "yes",
        "AssertTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT",
        "AssertTimestampMonotonic": "89286676375",
        "Before": "multi-user.target shutdown.target",
        "BlockIOAccounting": "no",
        "BlockIOWeight": "[not set]",
        "CPUAccounting": "no",
        "CPUQuotaPerSecUSec": "infinity",
        "CPUSchedulingPolicy": "0",
        "CPUSchedulingPriority": "0",
        "CPUSchedulingResetOnFork": "no",
        "CPUShares": "[not set]",
        "CPUUsageNSec": "[not set]",
        "CPUWeight": "[not set]",
        "CacheDirectoryMode": "0755",
        "CanIsolate": "no",
        "CanReload": "no",
        "CanStart": "yes",
        "CanStop": "yes",
        "CapabilityBoundingSet": "cap_chown cap_dac_override cap_dac_read_search cap_fowner cap_fsetid cap_kill cap_setgid cap_setuid cap_setpcap cap_linux_immutable cap_net_bind_service cap_net_broadcast cap_net_admin cap_net_raw cap_ipc_lock cap_ipc_owner cap_sys_module cap_sys_rawio cap_sys_chroot cap_sys_ptrace cap_sys_pacct cap_sys_admin cap_sys_boot cap_sys_nice cap_sys_resource cap_sys_time cap_sys_tty_config cap_mknod cap_lease cap_audit_write cap_audit_control cap_setfcap cap_mac_override cap_mac_admin cap_syslog cap_wake_alarm cap_block_suspend",
        "CollectMode": "inactive",
        "ConditionResult": "yes",
        "ConditionTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT",
        "ConditionTimestampMonotonic": "89286676375",
        "ConfigurationDirectoryMode": "0755",
        "Conflicts": "shutdown.target",
        "ControlGroup": "/system.slice/vsftpd.service",
        "ControlPID": "0",
        "DefaultDependencies": "yes",
        "Delegate": "no",
        "Description": "Vsftpd ftp daemon",
        "DevicePolicy": "auto",
        "DynamicUser": "no",
        "ExecMainCode": "0",
        "ExecMainExitTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "ExecMainPID": "51752",
        "ExecMainStartTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT",
        "ExecMainStartTimestampMonotonic": "89286681239",
        "ExecMainStatus": "0",
        "ExecStart": "{ path=/usr/sbin/vsftpd ; argv[]=/usr/sbin/vsftpd /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf ; ignore_errors=no ; start_time=[Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT] ; stop_time=[Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT] ; pid=51751 ; code=exited ; status=0 }",
        "FailureAction": "none",
        "FileDescriptorStoreMax": "0",
        "FragmentPath": "/usr/lib/systemd/system/vsftpd.service",
        "GID": "[not set]",
        "GuessMainPID": "yes",
        "IOAccounting": "no",
        "IOSchedulingClass": "0",
        "IOSchedulingPriority": "0",
        "IOWeight": "[not set]",
        "IPAccounting": "no",
        "IPEgressBytes": "18446744073709551615",
        "IPEgressPackets": "18446744073709551615",
        "IPIngressBytes": "18446744073709551615",
        "IPIngressPackets": "18446744073709551615",
        "Id": "vsftpd.service",
        "IgnoreOnIsolate": "no",
        "IgnoreSIGPIPE": "yes",
        "InactiveEnterTimestampMonotonic": "0",
        "InactiveExitTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT",
        "InactiveExitTimestampMonotonic": "89286677130",
        "InvocationID": "e326c69c138b430880f883b0bdb05f83",
        "JobRunningTimeoutUSec": "infinity",
        "JobTimeoutAction": "none",
        "JobTimeoutUSec": "infinity",
        "KeyringMode": "private",
        "KillMode": "control-group",
        "KillSignal": "15",
        "LimitAS": "infinity",
        "LimitASSoft": "infinity",
        "LimitCORE": "infinity",
        "LimitCORESoft": "infinity",
        "LimitCPU": "infinity",
        "LimitCPUSoft": "infinity",
        "LimitDATA": "infinity",
        "LimitDATASoft": "infinity",
        "LimitFSIZE": "infinity",
        "LimitFSIZESoft": "infinity",
        "LimitLOCKS": "infinity",
        "LimitLOCKSSoft": "infinity",
        "LimitMEMLOCK": "16777216",
        "LimitMEMLOCKSoft": "16777216",
        "LimitMSGQUEUE": "819200",
        "LimitMSGQUEUESoft": "819200",
        "LimitNICE": "0",
        "LimitNICESoft": "0",
        "LimitNOFILE": "4096",
        "LimitNOFILESoft": "1024",
        "LimitNPROC": "7741",
        "LimitNPROCSoft": "7741",
        "LimitRSS": "infinity",
        "LimitRSSSoft": "infinity",
        "LimitRTPRIO": "0",
        "LimitRTPRIOSoft": "0",
        "LimitRTTIME": "infinity",
        "LimitRTTIMESoft": "infinity",
        "LimitSIGPENDING": "7741",
        "LimitSIGPENDINGSoft": "7741",
        "LimitSTACK": "infinity",
        "LimitSTACKSoft": "8388608",
        "LoadState": "loaded",
        "LockPersonality": "no",
        "LogLevelMax": "-1",
        "LogsDirectoryMode": "0755",
        "MainPID": "51752",
        "MemoryAccounting": "yes",
        "MemoryCurrent": "577536",
        "MemoryDenyWriteExecute": "no",
        "MemoryHigh": "infinity",
        "MemoryLimit": "infinity",
        "MemoryLow": "0",
        "MemoryMax": "infinity",
        "MemorySwapMax": "infinity",
        "MountAPIVFS": "no",
        "MountFlags": "",
        "NFileDescriptorStore": "0",
        "NRestarts": "0",
        "Names": "vsftpd.service",
        "NeedDaemonReload": "no",
        "Nice": "0",
        "NoNewPrivileges": "no",
        "NonBlocking": "no",
        "NotifyAccess": "none",
        "OOMScoreAdjust": "0",
        "OnFailureJobMode": "replace",
        "PermissionsStartOnly": "no",
        "Perpetual": "no",
        "PrivateDevices": "no",
        "PrivateMounts": "no",
        "PrivateNetwork": "no",
        "PrivateTmp": "no",
        "PrivateUsers": "no",
        "ProtectControlGroups": "no",
        "ProtectHome": "no",
        "ProtectKernelModules": "no",
        "ProtectKernelTunables": "no",
        "ProtectSystem": "no",
        "RefuseManualStart": "no",
        "RefuseManualStop": "no",
        "RemainAfterExit": "no",
        "RemoveIPC": "no",
        "Requires": "system.slice sysinit.target",
        "Restart": "no",
        "RestartUSec": "100ms",
        "RestrictNamespaces": "no",
        "RestrictRealtime": "no",
        "Result": "success",
        "RootDirectoryStartOnly": "no",
        "RuntimeDirectoryMode": "0755",
        "RuntimeDirectoryPreserve": "no",
        "RuntimeMaxUSec": "infinity",
        "SameProcessGroup": "no",
        "SecureBits": "0",
        "SendSIGHUP": "no",
        "SendSIGKILL": "yes",
        "Slice": "system.slice",
        "StandardError": "inherit",
        "StandardInput": "null",
        "StandardInputData": "",
        "StandardOutput": "journal",
        "StartLimitAction": "none",
        "StartLimitBurst": "5",
        "StartLimitIntervalUSec": "10s",
        "StartupBlockIOWeight": "[not set]",
        "StartupCPUShares": "[not set]",
        "StartupCPUWeight": "[not set]",
        "StartupIOWeight": "[not set]",
        "StateChangeTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT",
        "StateChangeTimestampMonotonic": "89286681247",
        "StateDirectoryMode": "0755",
        "StatusErrno": "0",
        "StopWhenUnneeded": "no",
        "SubState": "running",
        "SuccessAction": "none",
        "SyslogFacility": "3",
        "SyslogLevel": "6",
        "SyslogLevelPrefix": "yes",
        "SyslogPriority": "30",
        "SystemCallErrorNumber": "0",
        "TTYReset": "no",
        "TTYVHangup": "no",
        "TTYVTDisallocate": "no",
        "TasksAccounting": "yes",
        "TasksCurrent": "1",
        "TasksMax": "12386",
        "TimeoutStartUSec": "1min 30s",
        "TimeoutStopUSec": "1min 30s",
        "TimerSlackNSec": "50000",
        "Transient": "no",
        "Type": "forking",
        "UID": "[not set]",
        "UMask": "0022",
        "UnitFilePreset": "disabled",
        "UnitFileState": "enabled",
        "UtmpMode": "init",
        "WantedBy": "multi-user.target",
        "WatchdogTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT",
        "WatchdogTimestampMonotonic": "89286681246",
        "WatchdogUSec": "0"
    }
}

二、学习视频

视频:service模块

本文源自: ,由Re于4个月前整理编辑,共 12378 字。
链接地址:Ansible-service模块 | Lose Today,转载请注明出处!

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